THE ETHICS OF AI: WHERE DOES THE EUROPEAN UNION STAND?
As previously stated, there has been significant resistance to the use of artificial intelligence in recent years due to privacy and transparency issues.
However, when utilised correctly and for lawful reasons, AI is incredibly valuable and is assisting society in making crucial improvements in sectors such as healthcare and law enforcement.
While adhering to its own standards for trustworthy AI established by the Commission in April 2019, the European Union has embraced machine intelligence as an unbeatable instrument in addressing the ongoing global concerns of terrorism, human and drug trafficking.
Some of the important ethical concerns addressed in the paper include:
- Technical robustness and safety
- Human agency and oversight
- Privacy and data protection
- Societal and environmental wellbeing
European citizens and tourists may be confident that AI will only be implemented if it passes these tough criteria.
USING ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE TO KEEP EUROPE SAFE
ETIAS, the European Travel Information and Authorisation System, which will be introduced in November 2023, exemplifies this approach to Artificial Intelligence in Europe.
Visa waiver programmes implemented by the United States and Europe have facilitated international travel and contributed to a significant rise in cross-border movement in recent years.
While the opportunity to travel to other parts of the world is exciting, it may also be dangerous. With third-country nationals able to cross the Schengen Area’s external borders with only a passport, it can be difficult to identify dangerous individuals and prevent their entry.
As a result, to supplement its visa liberalisation policy, the European Union has developed ETIAS, a travel authorization required by third-country nationals.
Visitors from qualified countries will be required to apply for ETIAS before entering the Schengen Area visa-free in the near future.
The technology will set up an ETIAS watchlist and cross-check and validate visitor information using large-scale IT databases. ETIAS will also employ smart boundaries to give an extra degree of protection.
INTERPOL: DETECTING CRIMINALS USING FACIAL RECOGNITION
Interpol, the worldwide police cooperation agency, has long utilised face recognition to detect offenders.
A number of high-profile examples have demonstrated its effectiveness. An internationally wanted murder suspect was apprehended in 2018 after an image of the individual was compared to records in Interpol’s facial recognition database.
While facial recognition for remote identification is currently used only in exceptional circumstances, the European Commission released a White Paper in February 2020 outlining a framework for more widespread use of trustworthy AI in the future.
Interpol will play a significant part in ETIAS. Third-country citizens who are wanted by foreign authorities in connection with criminal activities can be detected before they set foot on European land by running traveller details through their databases.
In the future, facial recognition technology could be expanded and used as a highly effective tool to prevent dangerous foreigners from entering the Schengen Area.