WHAT IS A BILATERAL TREATY?
A bilateral agreement is defined as a mutually advantageous arrangement between two parties in which each party pledges to fulfil their responsibilities.
The EU has bilateral treaties with a number of non-European countries. These include areas such as trade and travel. Thanks to these agreements, citizens of many countries outside the EU now enjoy visa exemption when visiting the Union.
While the Schengen Area visa policy applies to the whole region, bilateral visa waiver arrangements are signed between certain third countries and particular EU Member States. The length of stay and other requirements differ based on the visitor’s country, destination, and passport type.
HOW ETIAS AFFECTS EU BILATERAL VISA WAIVER AGREEMENTS
The ETIAS visa waiver for Europe will be implemented in November 2023. Non-EU citizens from visa-free nations will need to apply for ETIAS in order to cross an external Schengen Area border.
Overseas visitors will continue to be granted visa-free entry, but the ETIAS travel authorization will be required for legal entry.
Travelers using ETIAS can stay in the Schengen Area for up to three months. The same permit is valid throughout the bloc, so they can freely move from one country to the next.
Third-country nationals will be able to request an extended stay in a country with a bilateral visa-waiver agreement after the ETIAS validity term expires. Because the ETIAS expires after 90 days, immigrants must stay in the country for an additional 90 days.
As a consequence, once the Schengen Area Entrance/Exit System is operational, the authorities responsible for a bilateral treaty will update the traveller’s record with pertinent entry and exit data.
A bilateral visa waiver agreement between two nations may only be modified by the two parties concerned. In other words, present bilateral treaties between an EU Member State and a third nation can be changed, observed, and/or improved if both parties agree.
HOW TO STAY LONGER THAN 90 DAYS IN EUROPE
Citizens of visa-free non-EU countries are only permitted to stay in the Schengen Area for more than 90 days in a 180-day period under exceptional circumstances or via a bilateral treaty.
If a visitor’s home country currently has an official reciprocal agreement with an EU nation, the individual may seek to stay. This request must be made before the conclusion of the 90-day stay’s last working day.
Most bilateral agreements allow visitors to stay in Europe for an additional three months without requiring a visa.
The non-EU citizen should request permission to stay in the country for an extended period of time. The decision to accept or deny the request rests with the authorities of that Member State.