WHAT IS THE EUROPEAN GCM?
The United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) and the International Organization for Migration (IOM) backed the assessment of the so-called European GCM, a process in which experts examine the compact’s implementation from a regional, EU perspective.
Germany, along with other UNECE Member States, delivered a national report as part of the European review process on October 31, 2020.
In December 2018, an intergovernmental meeting in Marrakech approved the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly, and Regular Migration.
It is the world’s first international migration framework, with the goal of regulating and organising global migratory paths and movements.
The GCM was later endorsed by a large majority of member countries in the United Nations General Assembly on December 19, 2018. This illustrates the international community’s common concern for the safety of migrants and people of recipient countries.
WHAT IS THE AIM OF THE GCM?
The GCM seeks to accomplish significant outcomes in order to improve the lives of migrants and their communities. The Global Compact for Safe, Orderly, and Regular Migration seeks to improve international migration cooperation in order to (among other things):
- Improve migration governance
- Facilitate safe, orderly and legal migration
- Optimise the positive impact of migration on communities worldwide and empower migrants to become full members of their society of destination
- Ensure that current and future migrants are informed of their rights
- Address risks and challenges for individuals and communities of origin, transit, and destination
- Mitigate the structural factors and drivers that impede individuals from building sustainable livelihoods in their nations of origin
Law enforcement around the world will have a better chance of combating serious international crime if the GCM is successfully implemented:
- People smuggling and human trafficking
- Identity theft
- International terrorism
- Transnational organised crime
- Worker exploitation
The National Implementation Reports are part of Europe’s ongoing efforts to make travel and migration safer and more regulated. Several initiatives, such as the introduction of the ETIAS visa-free electronic authorization for short-term travel to the Schengen area, have been approved in recent years.
A HISTORIC MOMENT FOR MIGRATION
The expected number of international migrants is gradually growing, according to the International Organization for Migration’s 2020 World Migration Report. In 2020, 281 million individuals resided in countries other than their own country. Among these, 280 thousand asylum applicants were granted refuge in the EU, with 13,600 of them being unaccompanied youngsters.
The GCM was described by the heads of state and representatives that convened in Morocco as “a watershed moment in the history of global debate and international collaboration on migration.”
Although not legally binding, the agreement establishes a groundbreaking cooperative framework that recognises that “no State can address migration alone.”